Economic Development and Trade

Economic development and trade is a special focus area. This is mainly because economic development is a national priority and PRSO is committed to contribute to it by producing solid research work and policy briefs.  PRSO aims to research, analyze, and provide policy recommendations to stakeholders for informed decision making on economic development. Considering the importance of international trade and its significance to economic growth, PRSO is working to contribute to the development of trade and economic growth of Afghanistan through empirical research.

Peace and Conflict Studies

The ever-present cycle of armed conflicts & war has permanently damaged Afghanistan’s social, political and economic institutions. Peace and conflict studies is an interdisciplinary academic field that draws on political science, sociology, history, culture, psychology, philosophy, and other fields to understand the root causes of armed conflicts; and to develop ways and strategies to prevent such conflicts,  and build peaceful and just systems and societies. Within peace studies, “peace” is defined not just as the absence of war, but also the presence of the conditions for a just and sustainable peace, including access to food and clean drinking water, education for women and children, security from physical harm, and other inviolable human rights. Therefore, PRSO as a research organization, is committed to utilize its potential & capacity to launch peace and conflict related researches and projects focused on providing policy recommendations, advocate for long-lasting peace, conduct peace and conflict related workshops, seminars, conferences and developing strategies in this regard.

Culture and Pluralism

History of wars and invasions has left Afghanistan with diverse mix of ethnic groups and tribes, making Afghanistan a melting pot of diverse cultures and identities. However, Afghanistan’s history shows that tolerance of diversity has not been encouraging as it should have been. Intolerance towards diversity and the suppression of ethno-religious minorities, driven by factors such as centralization of power, homogenization, implementation of Islamic ideology, failed governance and decades of civil war, has escalated sources of conflict over the past four decades. This further exacerbated during the Taliban regime, when Afghanistan shifted to Islamic fundamentalism. PRSO believes that disseminating food for thought in the understanding of cultural diversity as an engine of prosperity, requires solid evidence on the existence of diversity in all areas. To this end, PRSO considers culture as an important study area. This area is focused more specifically on Identities, Religion and Ethnic Diversity, Hand Crafts, Archeological sites, Arts, Folklore, Media and other subjects of cultural origins.

Governance and Rule of Law

The concept of rule of law and governance forms one of the core pillars of PRSO’s projects and research activities. Here, PRSO will study and provide data about the establishment and functions of state and non-state institutions and aim to pay attention to governance and rule-of-law violations in Afghanistan. Particularly, we aim to conduct research and publish policy papers about good governance (i.e transparency, accountability, etc) and rule of law over corruption in Afghanistan and the various ways to counter it.

Youth and Women Empowerment

Afghanistan has one of the highest proportions of young people in the world and over half of the population are women. Therefore, Youth & Women empowerment is an important focus area where PRSO seeks to focus on capacity building, advocacy, employment and empowerment, to discover where women and youth are achieving real goals despite or because of policy and practice; and how we can make pathways visible and can build on their revealed successes. Through capacity building, advocacy, learning and innovative research methods, we can bring changes in the community. We firmly believe that a strong policy-oriented research is vibrant for advancing and shaping informed agendas for youth and women’s empowerment in Afghanistan.

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