Research


PRSO is undertaking multidisciplinary research, across social science, with an aim of research for informed decision-making. It includes research on economic issues, institutions, conflict, corruption and peace building. At PRSO, we are committed to achieving excellence in research and scholarship, and to ensuring that our research contributes to the well-being of society. The focus in all of our research is to give out work on issues relevant for policy making. Our team focuses to use applied methods in their respective fields which can give out concrete evidenced policy recommendation to the various stakeholders. Our research team comes from variety of disciplines in social sciences with extensive experience with reputed national and international organizations in conducting policy oriented research.

Ongoing Research

  • Afghan Baloches; History, Demography and culture
    As its previous researches on various topics, this time Porsesh Researches and Studies Organization (PRSO) works on “Afghan Baloches; History, Demography and culture” which is designed in the format of an academic article and is currently in progress. The article mainly focuses on Baloches historical background, their population and the driving factors that led to changes in their social life. This research initiative would be conducted by Qudratullah Yousofi, PRSO researcher, under the supervision of Ehsan Shayegan, PRSO Director. Stay tuned for the release of the full article.  
  • Afghanistan Ethnic Division: A Cause To Many Battles (The Evolution of Ethnic Perception at the surevy of the Afghan People)

Completed Research

  • Leishmaniasis Report 2017
    Shahrak-e-Itefaq – a densely populated area in district 13 of Kabul, has been affected by Leshmaniasis since 2014. No serious intervention has been undertaken by any national or international organizations to address this issue. In 2016 PRSO undertook a volunteer field research to study the extent of the disease to inform policy makers and active health organizations. Despite the findings of the research which shows a shocking health issue, no significant progress has been made to alleviate the disease. This paper presents a follow up research to understand perceptions on factors causing Leishmaniasis outbreak in the Shahrak-e-Itefaqunderstand the current effort (from community and government) to diagnose, treat and control Leishmaniasis, and to shed light on Leishmaniasis outbreak’s health, socio-economic implication on residents’ livelihoods. Read the full report here
  • Lashmaniasis Outbreak in Kabul: Case Study of 13th District
    Porsesh Research and Studies Organization (PRSO) presented the research findings on “Lashmaniasis outbreak in Kabul: (2016) case study of 13 district” in an event at Ibn-e Sina University, on 12 June, 2016.In this event, stakeholders from various organizations, including the Lashmaniasis Hospital, the affected community representatives, academia and the media participated and commented on the findings of the research. PRSO described the research in two sections. In the first section the approach of the research, being from a social science approach and the research objectives and methodology was elaborated by Ehsan Shayagan and in the second section the findings was presented by Jawed Nazari, PRSO research board members. The research received variety of comments from the participants. Dr. Nahzat, head of Malaria and Lashmania Institute spoke about the importance of research of this kind to bring out social issues to public policy debate. He appreciated the findings of the research conducted by PRSO and confirmed many of the findings were consistent with their assessment. However, he noted that some of the perception with regards to the sources of the disease lack scientific basis, which can’t be confirmed by a health experts. He noted that the institute and the ministry of health have taken some steps to address the issue and shall further increase intervention. He called upon the community leaders and the PRSO to set up a meeting with the Malaria and Lashmania Institute for further coordination to address the problem at Shahrak-e Etefaq. Representatives from the affected community thanked PRSO for taking this important social issue to the public forum through scientific research. However, they expressed their concern for lack of seriousness of the concerned executive authorities of the government to follow the people’s cause and act based on the findings of this research. They requested PRSO to share the research findings with the concerned stakeholders in the health affairs and help the community to reach them. PRSO expressed gratitude from the community and committed to share the findings to the concerned stakeholders.It is worth mentioning, that this research and the event for presentation of the findings is a unique of its kind in Afghanistan. PRSO has been established with a motive of research for informed decision to influence policy. Policy making is productive when all concerned stakeholders share thoughts on the problem at hand. PRSO problematized a social issue and brought together the stakeholders from the community, government and civil society to find out solutions to a health problem. This is in line with the core values of research at PRSO.Download the full report: Leishmaniasis Outbreak in Kabul: 2016 Case Study of 13th District (pdf)
  • Ignored Identities: Status of Hindus and Sikhs In Afghanistan's Legal System
    Since the second half of the 20th century, human rights have gained critical significance, at least their ethical aspect, at both the national and international level. It is arguably the dominant discourse of our time. Today, any political regime that is not committed to human rights values is considered illegitimate because human rights constitute the parameter of evaluating state legitimacy both domestically and internationally. As a result, most countries have included human rights provisions in their Constitution and are committed to support and respect them. Read more…
  • Does Exposure to Corruption Increase Sympathy for Armed Opposition Groups in Afghanistan?
    Afghanistan’s National Unity Government (NUG) leaders declared their intention to curb corruption during their presidential campaigns, and since the election, have emphasized that combating with the corruption is one of their top priorities. Read more…
  • Factors Associated with Afghanistan’s Child Marriages
    Afghanistan is considered one of the most dangerous countries in the world to be a woman. Contributing factors include different forms of gender-based violence, poor education, limited access to healthcare, and not being allowed outside the home. Sadly, many Afghan women also face forced child marriage—despite it being illegal.

    A significant amount of research confirms that child marriages undermine girls’ participation in decision-making, educational attainment, and labor force participation, and leave them vulnerable to violence and health risks throughout their life. Furthermore, these risks can be transferred to their children, leading to an intergenerational effect—impacting their children’s education, nutrition, and health Read more…

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